Suburban shift for home construction continues into third quarter

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A trend of higher demand for housing in lower-density areas reported in the second quarter National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) Home Building Geography Index (HBGI) has persisted into the fall, as single-family and multifamily construction continued to over-perform in lower cost markets like suburbs and exurbs.

The third quarter HBGI reveals that a suburban shift for consumer home buying preferences in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic is accelerating as telecommuting is providing consumers more flexibility to live further out within large metros or even to relocate to more affordable, smaller metro areas.

“The growing demand in lower density markets stems from the fact that housing is less expensive compared to urban areas and buyers can afford larger homes to accommodate home offices, exercise rooms and other specialty rooms which are in higher demand since the pandemic,” said NAHB Chairman Chuck Fowke, a custom home builder from Tampa, Fla. “However, builders continue to deal with affordability headwinds on the supply-side front, including the cost and availability of building materials.”

Suburbs of medium-sized cities posted the greatest single-family gains in the third quarter, with a 15 percent growth rate over the last four quarters. The worst performing region were large metro urban cores, with just a 5.7 percent gain. Similar results were observed in multifamily, with large metro core areas posting a 4 percent decline for apartment construction.

“The HBGI clearly shows that the geographic changes noted in the second quarter data continued into the fall, providing a boost to building in more affordable markets,” said NAHB Chief Economist Robert Dietz. “The ability of individuals and families to live further from urban cores is empowering consumers to acquire housing with more space at a lower cost. A key question is how long this effect will last. Our forecast assumes at least a persistent, partial effect beyond the deployment of a vaccine.”

Other third quarter HBGI findings show:

  • Since the first quarter, the market share for single-family construction in urban core areas fell from 18 percent to 17.2 percent. The small metro core and suburb single-family market share increased from 37.7 percent to 38.2 percent.
  • The share of apartment construction in large metro core and suburbs fell from 67.1 percent to 65.2 percent. Apartment construction in small metro core areas increased in market share from 21 percent in the first quarter to 22.4 percent in the third quarter.
  • These broader trends have extended to traditional vacation home markets as well. Single-family construction in second home markets expanded at a 13.6 percent average rate over the last four quarters compared to a 10.5 percent pace for other counties.
  • Apartment construction in second home markets was up as well—11.1 percent compared to a 0.9 percent decline in other counties.