2023 GSE multifamily loan purchase caps set

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FHFA announces multifamily loan purchase caps

The Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) announced that the 2023 multifamily loan purchase caps for Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac (the Enterprises) will be $75 billion for each Enterprise, for a combined total of $150 billion to support the multifamily market. The 2023 caps are down from the $78 billion caps set for 2022 and reflect an anticipated contraction of the multifamily originations market in 2023.

To ensure a strong focus on affordable housing and traditionally underserved markets, FHFA will require that at least 50 percent of the Enterprises’ multifamily business be mission-driven affordable housing. This is the same percentage goal as in 2022 but the definition of what constitutes mission-driven affordable housing has been modified, including to focus on preserving affordability in workforce housing.

“The 2023 multifamily loan caps, coupled with a new mission-driven category for workforce housing properties, will continue to ensure that the Enterprises have a strong commitment to addressing the need for affordable housing,” said FHFA Director Sandra L. Thompson. “The new workforce housing category will provide incentives for conventional borrowers to maintain rents at affordable levels for extended periods of time.”

In addition, FHFA has changed certain definitions of multifamily mission-driven affordable housing in Appendix A of the Conservatorship Scorecard. In 2023, FHFA will allow loans to finance energy or water efficiency improvements with units affordable at or below 80 percent of AMI to be classified as mission-driven, up from 60 percent AMI in 2022. This increase will allow the Enterprises to expand their effort on energy and water conservation measures at workforce housing properties.

To ensure the Enterprises continue to provide sufficient liquidity and support in the multifamily mortgage market, FHFA will continue to monitor the multifamily mortgage market and will update the multifamily caps and mission-driven requirements if adjustments are warranted. However, to prevent market disruption, if FHFA determines that the actual size of the 2023 market is smaller than was initially projected, FHFA will not reduce the multifamily loan purchase caps.

The Mortgage Bankers’ Association (MBA) reports that the Enterprises are by far the largest holders of multifamily mortgage debt with a nearly 50 percent market share. Responding to the announcement, MBA President and CEO Bob Broeksmit said, “Given current market conditions and the expected decline in the multifamily originations market, FHFA’s slight decrease in next year’s caps is appropriate and ensures a level playing field across various capital sources.”

More information on the 2023 program is available here.